Structure Of United Nations, ITS Organizations & Agencies Of United Nations


Un, UN & ITS ORGANS, United Nations, UPSC, ICJ, International Court of Justice, UN General Assembly

Structure Of UNO, ITS Organizations & Agencies Of United Nations


  • It is an international organization founded in 1945 after the World War II.
  • Its charter was signed in San Francisco on June 26, 1945 and came into existence on October 24, 1945 after 51 countries have signed the charter.
  • Its predecessor, the League of Nations, created by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 was disbanded in 1946.
  • Its mission is to maintain international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights. 

1. UN HQ - New York 
2. UN Official Languages - Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Spanish, Russian 
3. UN Members - 193 (Latest Member South Sudan) 
4. UN Secretary General - Antonio Guterres (Portugal)

UN System is made up of the 

1. Main Organs established by the Charter of the United Nations

2. Specialized agencies provided for in Article 57 of the Charter & 

3. Funds & Programmes established by the General Assembly under its authority derived from Article 22 of the Charter. 

Indian Members in the UN

  • Soumya Swaminathan, director general of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), was appointed as the Chief Scientist at the WHO.
  • An Indian Justice Dalveer Bhandari was re-elected as a judge to the International Court of Justice
  • International law expert Neeru Chadha was elected to the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea.
United Nations

Main Organs

UN-General Assembly

  • It is the main deliberative organ and composed of all member states, each of which has one vote.
  • The mandate of UNGA is to discuss, debate, and make recommendations on subjects pertaining to international peace and security, including development, disarmament, human rights, international law, and the peaceful arbitration of disputes between nations.
  • It considers reports from the other four organs of the United Nations, assesses the financial situations of member states, and approves the UN budget, its most concrete role. 
  • Sessions - The assembly meets in Regular session (annually from Sep to Dec), Special session and Emergency Special Session (within 24 hours) at the request of UN security council or majority of members or one-member state if the majority of states concur.
  • Appointments by UNGA - It appoints Secretary General of UN based on the recommendations given by Security Council.
  • General Assembly elects Non-Permanent members in Security Council and elects Members for Social and Economic Council.
  • Along with Security Council, General Assembly elects Judges to International Court of Justice.
  • Membership - There are 193 UN member states, each with a vote in the General Assembly. 
  • The assembly‟s president changes with each annual session and is elected by the body itself.
  • The membership can be contentious. Taiwan has been denied UN membership for more than two decades due to objections from China. Palestine‟s status has also been controversial. 
  • At the 2012 General Assembly passed a resolution to upgrade Palestine from a non-member observer entity to non-member observer state.
  • Palestine and Vatican City are the United Nations‟ two non-member observer states, which have the right to speak at assembly meetings but cannot vote on resolutions.
  • Assembly Actions - Decision on important questions such as those on peace and security, UN budget, admission, suspension and expulsion of members to various organs of UN requires special majority
  • Make recommendations on any matters within the scope of the UN, except matters of peace and security that are under consideration by the Security Council.
  •  In 1948, it promulgated the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which contained 30 articles outlining global standards for human rights.
  • In 1950, it initiated “Uniting for Peace” resolution which states that if UNSC fails to exercise its primary responsibility” for maintaining international peace and security, UNGA should take up the matter itself and urge collective action.
  • In 2000, it set forth the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), a time bound and measurabletargets for reducing poverty, halting the spread of HIV/AIDS, and improving access to primary education followed by Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
  • It has the power to censure states for violating UN Charter principles.
  • In 2012, UNGA voted to denounce the Syrian government for atrocities since the start of the Syrian uprising in March 2011.
  • In 2014, Crimea‟s referendum to leave Ukraine and join Russia was held invalid by the UNGA by adopting a nonbinding resolution. It also held that Russia‟s annexation of Crimea is illegal.
  • UN budget - United Nation is funded by its member states through compulsory and voluntary contributions. 
  • The size of each state‟s compulsory contribution depends mainly on its economic strength, though its state of development and debt situation are also considered.
  • Member countries can make voluntary contribution to UNESCO, WHO, UN Programmes and Funds such as Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the UN Children‟s Fund (UNICEF).

Adoption of UN Resolution

  • Resolution in GA can be adopted in two ways i.e reaching consensus among member states and by voting on the resolution.
  • Consensus - All member states have agreed to adopt the text of a draft resolution without taking a vote.
  • Consensus is not reached, even if just one Member State requests a vote.
  • It is important to note that consensus does not mean that all Member States agree on every word in the draft resolution and they still have reservation about certain parts.
  • Thus, the viewpoint of every member countries is taken into consideration. This process is inclusive in nature.
  • Voting - It need to get a simple majority to agree on the text of a resolution.
  • There is no need to care about the perspectives of the minority who disagree.
  • Those countries that did not vote in favour of a resolution on a particular agenda item will be less likely to implement the actions on an agenda item that are recommended in a resolution, hence it is divisive.

UN Recent developments

  • UNGA held a first ever high-level meeting on the fight against Tuberculosis, under the theme “United to endTuberculosis: an urgent global response to a global epidemic”.
  • The special session aims at accelerating efforts in ending TB and reaching all affected people with preventionand care.
  • The declaration marks the endorsement of the Resolution by all Member States of the UN.
  • India has pledged to eliminate the disease five years before the UN Development Goal of 2030
  • Venezuela and Libya have been suspended from voting in the UN General Assembly for the third time in 3 years because of millions of dollars in unpaid dues to the world body.

United Nations Security Council

  • It has primary responsibility for the maintenance of International peace and security.
  • The council has 15 members: 5 Permanent - US, UK, Russia, France & China and 10 members elected by the General Assembly for 2-year terms.
  • The main criterion for eligibility is contribution “to the maintenance of international peace and security”, often defined by financial or troop contributions to peacekeeping operations or leadership on matters of regional security.
  • Equitable geographical distribution is also taken in to account for membership - African Group (3), AsiaPacific Group (2), Latin American and Caribbean Group (2), Western European and Others Groups (WEOG)(2)and Eastern European Group (1).
  • Arab states are given 1 seat alternately drawn from either Africa‟s quota or Asia‟s by informal agreement.
  • Turkey and Israel, which has never served on the council, is represented in WEOG.
  • Current non-permanent members (with end of term) are Côte d‟Ivoire (2019), Equatorial Guinea (2019), Kuwait (2019), Peru (2019), Poland (2019), Belgium (2020), Dominican Republic (2020), Germany (2020), Indonesia (2020) and South Africa (2020).
  • While other organs of the UN can only make recommendations to member states, the Security Council has the power to make binding decisions on member states.
  • All the members have one vote and permanent members have veto power.
  • Decisions on procedural matters should have vote of at least 9 of the 15 members and decision on substantive matters require nine votes and the absence of negative vote by any of the 5 permanent members.
  • Veto powers of P5 countries have been used most frequently by Russia, blocking more than 100 resolutions since the council‟s founding.
  • Most recently, in 2018, the U.S vetoed a resolution condemning Israel for Palestinian civilian deaths during border protests in Gaza.
  • The presidency of the Security Council rotates alphabetically each month.
  • G4 Nations - 4 countries bids for permanent seats in UNSC. They are Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan.
  • Uniting for Consensus (Coffee Club) - These are group of countries who are opposing the expansion of permanent seats in the UNSC under the leadership of Italy.
  • Members - Italy, Spain, Malta, San Marino, Pakistan, South Korea, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia & Turkey.
  • Despite drastic changes in geopolitics and international relations the Council has not been reformed yet.

Proposed Reforms in UNSC

  • The demands for reform of the UNSC is based on five key issues:
1. Categories of membership (permanent, non-permanent).
2. The question of the veto held by the five permanent members.
3. Regional representation.
4. The size of an enlarged Council and its working methods.
5. The relationship between Security Council and General Assembly.

  • Notably, any reform of the Security Council would require the agreement of at least two-thirds of UN member states.
  • Importantly, the agreement of all the permanent members of the UNSC enjoying the veto right is also required.

UN Economic & Social Council

  • It is the principal organ that guides sustainable development policies and coordinates the activities of several UN units and organisations working on development and social and economic issues.
  • It is the principle body for the implementation of internationally agreed development goals.
  • It has 54 members, which are elected by the General Assembly for a three-year term.
  • Seats in the council are allocated based on geographical representation. 11 of them are allotted to Asian states.
  • For the nations to be the elected as members of ECOSOC for a three-year term, it needs 2/3rd majority of UN General Assembly votes.
  • Each member of the council has one vote and generally voting in the council is by simple majority.
  • The president is elected for a one-year term.

India & ECOSOC

  • In 2017, UNGA re-elected India to another 3-year term starting from Jan,2018 (as its previous term was set to expire in 2017).
  • India received backing of the Asian and Pacific group of nations and secured 183 of the 188 votes to serve again.
  • In 2018, India got elected to various crucial subsidiary bodies working under ECOSOC such as
i. Committee on Non-Governmental Organisations for a term of 2019-2023 and India got the highest number of votes followed by Pakistan,

ii. Commission on Population and Development for a term of 2018 – 2021,

iii. Commission for social development for a term of 2018-2022,

iv. Commission on crime prevention and criminal justice for a term of 2019 – 2021,

v. Council to the Executive Board of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) for a term of 2019-2021,

vi. Executive Board of the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women  (UN-Women) for a term of 2019-2021.

  • Election to committee on NGO is considered as crucial, because it scrutinises the NGOs applying for consultative status with ECOSOC and can recommend or block them.


  • It undertakes the day-to-day work of the UN, administering the programmes and policies of the organization.
  • It is headed by the Secretary-General, assisted by a staff of international civil servants worldwide.

International Court of Justice 

  • It is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations also called the “World Court”. 
  • It is seated at the Peace Palace, Hague (Netherlands), and the only principal organ of UN to be not located in New York.
  •  It settles legal disputes between states and gives advisory opinions to the UN and its specialized agencies.
  •  It hears cases related to war crimes, illegal state interference, ethnic cleansing, and other issues.
  • It is presided over by 15 judges elected to 9 year terms by the UNGA and the UNSC from a list of people nominated by the national groups in the Permanent Court of Arbitration.
  • A candidate needs to get an absolute majority in both the chambers i.e. the UNGA and the UNSC.
  • 5 judges are elected every 3 years to ensure continuity within the court and are eligible for re-election.
  • No two judges can be the nationals of the same country.
  • Of the 15 judges, the composition is mandated to be as follows -
i. 3 from Africa
ii. 2 from Latin America and the Caribbean
iii. 3 from Asia
iv. 5 from Western Europe and other states
v. 2 from Eastern Europe

  • The President and Vice-President are elected by secret ballot to hold office for 3 years.
  • The P5 members of the UNSC always have a judge on the Court.
  • The exception was China, which did not have a judge on the Court from 1967 to 1985 because it did not put forward a candidate.
  • Judges may deliver joint judgments or give their own separate opinions.
  • The Court settles legal disputes between nations only and not between individuals, organizations and private enterprises in accordance with international law.
  • The Court can only hear a dispute when requested to do so by one or more States. It cannot deal with a dispute of its own motion.
  • If a country does not wish to take part in a proceeding it does not have to do so, unless required by special treaty provisions. Once a country accepts the Court's jurisdiction, it must comply with its decision.
  • Decisions and Advisory Opinions are by majority, and, in the event of an equal division, the President's vote becomes decisive always have a judge on the Court.
  • Other existing international thematic courts, such as the International Criminal Court (ICC) are not under the umbrella of the ICJ and it is legally and functionally independent from United Nations.
  • India and ICJ - An Indian Justice Dalveer Bhandari was re-elected as a judge to the ICJ.
  • India recently won the plea against Pakistan to grant counsellor access to Indian national Kulbhushan Jadhav and ICJ has directed to Pakistan to stop carrying out the execution of Jadhav.

Trusteeship Council

  • It was formed to provide international supervision for 11 Trust Territories that had been placed under the administration of Member States, and to prepare the territories for self-government and independence. 
  • By 1994, all Trust Territories had attained self-government or independence, with the last nation being Palau.
  • So, UN suspended its operation on 1994, and it continues to exist only on paper.
  • By a resolution adopted in May 1994, the Council amended its rules of procedure to drop the obligation to meet annually and agreed to meet as occasion required by its decision or the decision of its President, or at the request of a majority of its members or the General Assembly or the Security Council.
  • Its future role and existence remain uncertain.
If you found this post useful, please share it because Sharing is Caring 😊.


That’s all from us in this blog. We hope you found the information provided here useful. Keep visiting this space for more updates related to All India Gov't. Jobs Alerts, Results, Admit Card And Any Notice About recruitment process. You just need to Bookmark our website & visit regularly for updates. Press CTRL+D to Bookmark This Page.

If you have any doubt regarding BPSC, BSSC, BPSC, Railway and Government Exam, ask directly from the faculty on Educate Academic Telegram Group. Install Telegram and join @EducateAcademic Channel. Be a part of the Telegram community of goal-oriented aspirants who aim for just one thing and that is- SUCCESS!

Candidates can drop their Comments in the comment box. Candidates can share any query regarding This Update. We will try Solve your Query.

If you found this post useful, please share it because, Sharing is Caring .


_RRB & RRC Jobs,39,_SSC,10,64th BPSC 2018 Mains Exam,2,Admit Card,8,All India Govt. Jobs,12,Answer Key,1,Answer Keys,1,Appointe Indian Army officer As The Commander in South Sudan Of UN Mission,1,Banking Job,8,BHU Naksha Bihar,1,Biahr Police,1,Bihar,16,Bihar Civil Caurt,1,bihar civil court vacancy 2019,1,Bihar Dairy Field Officers Recruitment 2019,1,Bihar Daroga,9,Bihar Daroga Previous Year Paper,1,Bihar Daroga Recruitment 2019,2,bihar daroga syllabus pdf download,1,Bihar Excise Sub Inspector,3,Bihar Forest Guard Result,1,Bihar Inter Level Result,1,bihar lrc,3,Bihar Police,10,Bihar Police 2019,3,Bihar Police 2019 Recruitment,4,Bihar Police Daroga,1,Bihar Police Daroga Syllabus,1,Bihar Police Exam,1,Bihar Police Forest Guard Exam Date,1,Bihar Police Forest Guard Exam Result,1,bihar police si,1,Bihar Police Sub Inspector Syllabus,1,Bihar Police Vacancies,1,Bihar Si,1,bihar si syllabus,1,Bihar Sub Inspector,1,Bihar Vidhan Parishad,1,Bihar Vidhan Parishad Online Apply 2019,1,Bihar Vidhan Sabha Sachivalaya,1,Bihar Vidhan Sabha Sachivalaya Reporter,1,BPSC,15,BPSC 64th Mains Exam,2,BPSC 65th Expected Cutoff,1,BPSC 65th Notification,2,bpsc 65th posts details,1,BPSC Assistant,4,BPSC Assistant 2018,2,BPSC Assistant Admit Card 2019 For Mains,2,BPSSC,13,BPSSC Transport Police Recruitment,2,BSSC,5,BSSC 2nd CGL,1,BSSC 3rd CGL,2,BSSC 3rd CGL Exam Date,1,BSSC 3rd CGL Notification,1,BTSC,1,Central Board of Secondary Education,1,City Intimation For CBT-1,1,City Intimation For Paramedical Categories,1,CSBC,4,CTET,2,CTET 2019,2,CTET 2019 Admit Card,1,CTET 2019 Notification Apply Online,1,Dairy Field Officers Recruitment 2019,1,Defence Job,1,Document Verification,1,DRDO,1,DRDO Recruitment [2019] - Apply Online,1,DRDO Recruitment 2019,1,epfo claim status,1,EPFO Login,2,EPFO Recruitment,2,EPFO Registration,2,EPFO SSA,1,EPFO SSA 2019 Notification,1,EPFO SSA 2019 Recruitment,1,Exam Date,1,FCI,1,Free Jobs Alerts,2,GRAMIN DAK SEVAKS,1,GRAMIN DAK SEVAKS BIHAR,1,GRAMIN DAK SEVAKS BIHAR CIRCLE,1,IBPS,1,IBPS RRB,1,ibps rrb 2019 notification,1,IBPS RRB 2019 Notification PDF,1,ICJ,1,IDBI Assistant Managrt,1,IDBI Recruitment,1,Indian Railway Employee,3,Info,1,International Court of Justice,1,IRB Sylabus,1,Jharkhand Others,2,Jharkhand SSC Police Constable Exam,1,Jobs Alert,2,JPSC,1,JSSC,2,JSSC CGL,1,JSSC CGL 2019,1,JSSC IRB Police Constable Syllabus,1,JSSC IRB Sylabus,1,Latest News,9,Latest Notice,90,LIC ADO,1,LIC ADO Recruitment 2019,1,LIC Assistant,2,LIC Assistant Prelims Cutoff,1,LIC Assistant Recruitment,2,lrc,3,lrc counsling,1,NABARD,1,NABARD Recruitment,1,NABARD Recruitment 2019,1,New Pension Scheme 2019,1,NLC India Apprenticeship,1,NLC Notification,1,NLC Recruitment 2019,1,Obama,1,Patna High Court 2019 Recruitment,1,PDF Download,2,Railway,13,Railway Exam Vendor,2,Railway Group D Exam Vendor,2,railway group d qualification,1,Railway Jobs,4,Railway Notice,1,Railway NTPC Exam Vendor,2,Railway Protection Force,1,RBI,1,RBI Grade B Recruitment Notification,1,Result,8,RPF,3,RPF SI,2,RPF SI Cutoff,2,rrb,23,rrb alp,14,rrb alp 2018,11,RRB ALP Document Verification 2019,1,RRB ALP Document Verification Process,1,RRB ALP DV Cutoff,1,RRB ALP RESULT,2,RRB ALP Result 2018,3,RRB Group D,3,RRB Group D 2018,1,RRB Group D 2018 Appoinment Letter,1,rrb je,6,rrb je 2018,8,RRB JE Answer Key,3,rrb je cutoff,1,rrb je cutoff survey,1,rrb je exam Date,3,RRB Ministerial & Isolated,1,RRB Ministerial And Isolated Syllabus,1,RRB NTPC,4,RRB NTPC 2019,4,RRB NTPC 2019 Exam Date,1,RRB NTPC Application Status,2,RRB NTPC City Intimation For CBT-1,2,RRB Official Website RRB Admit Card 2019,1,RRB Paramedical Categories Application Status,1,RRB Paramedical Categories Exam Date,1,RRB Paramedical Staff Recruitment 2019,1,RRC,3,RRC Group D APPLICATION STATUS,1,RRC Level 1,3,Sarkari Exam Date,1,Sarkari Job In Bihar,14,Sarkari Jobs,20,Sarkari Jobs In UP,1,sarkari reset,1,sarkari result,1,SBI,1,SBI Clerk JA,2,SBI Clerk JA Syllabus,1,SBI PO,2,SBI PO 2019,2,SBI PO 2019 Notification,1,SBI PO Syllabus,1,SSC,20,SSC CGL,8,SSC CGL 2017,1,SSC CGL 2017 Tier 4,1,SSC CGL 2018 Admit Card,1,SSC CGL 2018 Answer Key,1,SSC CGL 2018 Application Status,2,SSC CGL 2018 Exam,6,SSC CGL Admit Card Download Direct Link,1,SSC CGL Exam Date,3,SSC CHSL,1,ssc chsl admit card,1,SSC CHSL Examination 2017,1,SSC CPO,1,SSC CPO 2018,1,SSC CPO 2018 Tier 1 Result,1,SSC Cutoff,1,SSC GD,2,SSC GD 2018,3,SSC GD 2018 Result,3,SSC Gd Cutoff,2,SSC GD Result,1,SSC GD Result 2019 Date,1,SSC JE,1,SSC JE 2019,1,SSC Jobs,3,SSC MTS,2,SSC MTS 2019,2,SSC MTS 2019 Application Status,1,SSC MTS 2019 Registration,1,SSC Notification,2,Study Material,1,SUB INSPECTOR & DRIVER RECRUITMENT,1,Syllabus,13,Tentative vacancies for SSC CGL 2017,1,Trump,1,UN,2,UN & ITS ORGANS,1,UN General Assembly,1,UN Secretary,1,United Nations,2,UP Police,1,up police si recruitment 2019,1,UP SI 2019 Vacancies,1,UPSC,4,UPSSC Syllabus,1,UPSSSC,3,UPSSSC Junior Assistant 2019,1,UPSSSC Junior Assistant 2019 Answer Key,1,UPSSSC Junior Assistant Answer Key,1,UPSSSC Junior Assistant Recruitment,1,UPSSSC Junior Assistant Recruitment 2019,1,UPSSSSC,1,Washington,1,बिहार दरोगा,1,बिहार दरोगा बहाली के नियमों में बदलाव,1,
Educate Academic: Structure Of United Nations, ITS Organizations & Agencies Of United Nations
Structure Of United Nations, ITS Organizations & Agencies Of United Nations
Un, UN & ITS ORGANS, United Nations, UPSC, ICJ, International Court of Justice, UN General Assembly
Educate Academic
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy